Modern Industries use Large Nos. of AC Motors, DC Drives, Rectifiers, Invertors, Compressors, Inductive Furnaces and Welding Machines, causing poor Power Factor of the System. The Reactive Power requirement in such Industries varies rapidly within every few cycles. The response speed of the conventional Power Factor Controller is not suitable to take care of rapid switching cycle. The Conventional Power Factor Control System incorporates Electromechanical Switches to Switch Capacitors and or not suitable for Fast switching where the load is rapidly changing.
Also fast switching of Capacitors and Contractors results in inherent stresses on the Capacitors and on the Switchgear components.
Uncompensated reactive power leads to poor Power Factor. Voltage instability, flickering, high current consumption, increased Maximum Demand, high losses, low electric supply, loading capacity and overrating of switchgears & cables results in high wear and tear and high maintenance cost.